Salivary gland disease
There are three main pairs of salivary glands: the parotid glands (on both sides of the face), the submandibular glands (underneath the jaw) and the sublingual glands (on either side of the tongue in the floor of the mouth).
If it will provide more evidence on the disease process then a needle test or Fine Needle Aspirate (FNA) cytology may be performed so a few cells can be analysed.
Salivary gland inflammation is usually treated symptomatically, but stones are frequently removed by surgery with the duct left open. Salivary gland tumours are nearly always excised by either parotidectomy or other gland excision to remove the mass and confirm the diagnosis by histological analysis.